Fire Safety Learning Center

Articles and other information related to fire safety equipment and procedures in Illinois.

Understanding Fire Extinguisher Classes

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Understanding Fire Extinguisher Classes

When it comes to Chicago fire safety in the home, it is important for homeowners to learn more about fire extinguishers. A portable fire extinguisher is used to douse flames due to certain flammable materials. It is important to use the right type of fire extinguisher when a fire occurs in the home. Below are a few safety tips and well as information on the tools needed to put out a fire in the home.

Location of Extinguishers

First, you will need to decide which rooms in the home will have a fire extinguisher. In most cases, the kitchen will be the main room that houses an extinguisher. In multi-level homes, a fire extinguisher should be located on each level to provide ease of access depending on the location of the fire.

Fire Extinguisher Classes

There are five primary classes used to distinguish fire extinguishers. A, B, C, D and K are used to describe each class. An extinguisher in Class A is one that will put out an ordinary fire by combustibles such as paper or wood. A Class B extinguisher is one that will put out flames caused by liquids such as oil, grease, and gasoline.

Class C extinguishers are used for electrically energized fires while a Class D unit will take care of flammable metals. Class K extinguishers are used for fires with substances containing fats present commercial cooking oils and greases. In most cases, a Class A, B and C extinguisher is the best option for residential homes.

Once you know what type of extinguisher you need in the home, its time to purchase. Larger units will be harder to use, though each type needs to be tested and the directions read fully to be able to use the unit appropriately if a fire occurs in the home.

Using the Fire Extinguisher

When it comes to fire safety in Chicago, learning how to use your fire extinguisher is key. To begin, you will need to pull the pin to break the tamper seal. Aim the fire extinguisher low and point the nozzle at the base of the fire.

Squeeze the handle of the extinguisher to release the agent in the unit. Sweep the nozzle side to size while pointing the extinguisher at the fire. Use the unit until the fire has been put out. If the fire starts back up, use the fire extinguisher again.

By adding a fire extinguisher in the home, you are protecting your loved ones as well as your home and belongings. Having a proper extinguisher in the home will ensure that the space is safe, and any fires can be put out before they get out of hand.

Proper fire safety in the home includes not only a fire extinguisher but a fire safety plan. Homeowners need to have the proper tools in the home for fire needs but also know where to go to exit the home and meet up after a fire has overtaken the premises. Make a plan for your family, teaching everyone to use the fire extinguisher so that the fire can be put out when it starts instead of watching it get out of hand.

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